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Level 6

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

In December 2016 we took our first ever IRA distributions. While preparing our tax forms for 2016 I reviewed  the non deductible contributions we both made to our individual IRA accounts over the years.

I was shocked to find  the last 8606 I filed was in 1994, and have not filed any since then although we have made non deductible contributions between 1997 and

2010.

Is there anything I can do to correct this? Didn’t the IRS get 5498’s from the IRA custodians during these years?

1 Best answer

Accepted Solutions
Employee Tax Expert

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

You can file delinquent Forms 8606, even as far back as 1995, on a standalone basis, meaning that you can file them without amending your tax returns. There can be a penalty of $50 for not filing Form 8606 on a timely basis, but the penalty can be waived if you can show reasonable cause for not filing.

File these delinquent forms separately from your tax return.

See this IRS link regarding Form 8606 and see this information for suggestions regarding “reasonable cause.”

 

 

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15 Replies
Employee Tax Expert

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

You can file delinquent Forms 8606, even as far back as 1995, on a standalone basis, meaning that you can file them without amending your tax returns. There can be a penalty of $50 for not filing Form 8606 on a timely basis, but the penalty can be waived if you can show reasonable cause for not filing.

File these delinquent forms separately from your tax return.

See this IRS link regarding Form 8606 and see this information for suggestions regarding “reasonable cause.”

 

 

**Say "Thanks" by clicking the thumb icon in a post
**Mark the post that answers your question by clicking on "Mark as Best Answer"
Level 20

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

Link to 8606 form  <a rel="nofollow" target="_blank" href="https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/f8606.pdf">https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/f8606.pdf</a>
Link to 8606 instructions <a rel="nofollow" target="_blank" href="https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/i8606.pdf">https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/i8606.pdf</a>
Level 20

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

The links that macuser_22 provided are for the 2016 Form 8606.  You actually need to use the correct year's  Form 8606 for each year that you are reporting late.  Search for 8606 on the IRS website for a list of each prior year's Form 5329 and instructions:

<a rel="nofollow" target="_blank" href="https://apps.irs.gov/app/picklist/list/priorFormPublication.html">https://apps.irs.gov/app/picklist/...>
Level 3

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

Is it required to file 1040X  and send with 8606 form for each year it is missed?

I have the same problem and one of the IRS help on line advise to file 1040X along with 8606 form. 

Thanks for your suggestion

 

Level 20

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???


@Nari12 wrote:

Is it required to file 1040X  and send with 8606 form for each year it is missed?

I have the same problem and one of the IRS help on line advise to file 1040X along with 8606 form. 

Thanks for your suggestion

 


A 1040X is only required if you are changing from a deductible or non-deductible contribution or visa-versa that would require either paying additional tax or getting a refund.    Simply reporting a missed 8606 that should have been included with the original tax return does not require a 1040X because you are not amending anything,  you are just supplying an original form that was missed. 

 

And yes, a separate 8606 for the tax year that is was required must be filed for each year.

 

8606 form are only required if:

1) You make a new non-deductible Traditional IRA contribution.
2) You take a distribution from a IRA that has a after-tax "basis".
3) You make a conversion of a retirement account to a Roth IRA

 

Past year forms for each here can be downloaded form the IRS site:

https://apps.irs.gov/app/picklist/list/priorFormPublication.html

If none of those occurred, then the last filed 8606 remains in effect

Level 19

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

I see no reason to file numerous forms.

Here's my suggestion:

Attach form 8606 to your current or next form 1040 filing..

Show the correct prior years basis (total of all non-deductible contributions)

OR if you made a non-deductible contribution last year,

file form 1040X and attach 8606

Show the correct prior years basis (total of all prior non-deductible contributions and the last contribution )

In 1040X Part iii explanation, state:

"Neglected to include form 8606"

Level 19

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

"Attach form 8606 to your current or next form 1040 filing..

Show the correct prior years basis (total of all non-deductible contributions)"

 

You must do this to compute the correct taxable amount on your RMD.

Level 20

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???


@fanfare wrote:

I see no reason to file numerous forms.

Can you provide an authority that says that is allowed?

 

I would suggest that to properly comply with IRC  408(o)(4), numerous tax court decisions and the IRS rules that provide for a $50 penalty for each tax year that a 8606 was required but not filed, that separate 8606 forms be filed for each missed year with an explanation for the missed 8606 form an a request to waive the penalty.

Level 19

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

You would be required to file prior forms only if the IRS audits your return and makes an issue of it.

Level 20

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???


@fanfare wrote:

You would be required to file prior forms only if the IRS audits your return and makes an issue of it.


Are you serious?  You "only" need to file a required form if audited?   How about the tax law that requires it?   Is it OK to under report income until you are caught?   I can't believe you actually said that.

 

Unfortunately, as tax court cases show, the IRS often does investigate that proper 8606 forms were filed when nondeductible contribution basis is claimed and then they deny the claim if the forms are missing.  The IRS probably does not look if 8606 forms were filed, year-to-year, but when distributions are taken and a basis is claimed then can, and do, verify the basis against filed 8606 forms.

 

Best to do it right to start with and not open a can of worms later.

Highlighted
Level 20

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

If nondeductible contributions are not reported on Form 8606 for the years for which nondeductible traditional IRA contributions were made, the IRS takes the position that these contributions do not represent investment in the contract that can be distributed tax free.  Unless the IRS has recently changed their methods, to avoid taxation of basis under these circumstances would require taking the case to the Tax Court and providing sufficient evidence to the court that the individual indeed has basis in nondeductible traditional IRA contributions.  The Tax Court has in several past cases of unreported nondeductible traditional IRA contributions allowed the basis to be reconstructed despite the individual not filing Forms 8606 as required by law, but why would anyone want to risk having to go to court when the whole situation can been avoided by properly filing the late Forms 8606.

Level 3

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

I did not know that i have to file form 8606 when i make non deductible contribution in 1994 and 95 ( total $4000). I did not contribute any more since then.

However in 2017, I was advised to file form 8606 year 2017 to report the the prior basis ($4000 ) since i never did before.

First I understand now that I have to file 2 correct year 8606 ( 94 and 95) , but still unclear if i need to send along with 1040X year 94 and 95 to amend the mistake.

 

Second,  do I make a mistake again by sending the 2017 year 8606 to report the previous basis? 

If so how do I correct my second mistake? 

Do I need to send 1040X year 2017 stating in part iii " error in reporting 8606 form". 

Or should I just send the  8606 year 94 and 95 and leave the 2017 tax form as is?

 

Third, how should i send all those forms, mail all in one envelop or mail them separately

Thanks to you all!

 

Level 3

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

I have a slightly different issue.  I did non-deductible IRA contributions from mid 2000s to now.  When I submitted my 8606s, I just noted the contribution for that year, and I did not report the entire value of my IRA with pretax (401k rollovers) and posttax dollars.  Am I allowed to go back and make the corrections?

 

Thanks!

Level 20

I neglected to file my non deductible IRA contributions on an 8606 for many years ....Is there anything I could do now???

brb408wpb, have you made any distributions or Roth conversions from your traditional IRAs?  If not, nothing needs correcting.  Although you probably should have previously included on line 2 of Form 8606 an adjustment for the after-tax money rolled over from the 401(k), you can do that on the next Form 8606 that you file as long as you have not made any distributions or conversions prior to 2019.  Such an adjustment requires your tax return to include an explanation statement describing the adjustment.  Your year-end balance in traditional IRAs is only relevant to determining the taxable amount of distributions and conversions.

 

If you have made distributions or Roth conversions prior to 2019 after establishing basis in nondeductible traditional IRA contributions and did not prepare Forms 8606 correctly, the corrections might be rather complex.

 

If your Forms 8606 did not include on line 2 the previous year's Form 8606 line 14 amount, that's another problem that will need to be corrected.