SCH C is used for reporting active business income, and that's it. Rental income from residential rental real estate is not reported on SCH C. If rental real estate is the only business income you have, then you have no need to be filling out a SCH C at all.
Schedule E is used to report "passive" income. This income is either rental income you receive because you own rental property, or a royalty payment you receive. Passive income is not subject to the additional self-employment tax, and that's why it's reported on SCH E. Passive income is income that you receive, but don't actually work for and "earn".
SCH C is used to report self-employment business income. This is income that you go out and actually "do" something to earn it. This income is reported on SCH C and in addition to the regular income tax, is also subject to the additional self-employment tax, if that SCH C income is more than $399 for the tax year. The Self-Employment tax is basically the employer's side of your social security and Medicare. It gets credited to the Social Security account of the business owner listed on the SCH C, and nobody else.
I rent out rooms in my home on Airbnb and don't provide service. The home is co-owned with my girlfriend and we run the Airbnb through LLC. Do we have to report through schedule C because of LLC?
"...a domestic LLC with at least two members is classified as a partnership for federal income tax purposes unless it files Form 8832 and affirmatively elects to be treated as a corporation." See this IRS webpage.
So you need to file a partnership return (unless you elected to be taxed as a SubS corporation). Then the LLC would issue K-1s to each of you to add to your returns.
The exception is if
- you and your girlfriend are considered married in your state, and
- you live in a community property state
In this case, you would each file a Schedule C on your 1040s, splitting the income and expenses in proportion to your involvement with the Airbnb.
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The cryptocurrency space is pretty new and not much is out for all facets of the topic. I'm running cryptocurrency nodes which validate transactions, not cryptocurrency miners, and are rewarded with cryptocurrency for providing the validation capacity. How are the gained rewarded cryptocurrency treated? Regular business income or could it be treated as passive income since I'm literally running some fancy coded program on a virtual private server? Literally less than an hour a week in my time to ensure everything is running correct. I have to run all profits and expenses through a business entity, like a one owner LLC I have, to capture expenses to offset profits due to the 2017 tax reform. Would this be considered as active business income or a passive business income? Basically am I going to be using a Schedule C or Schedule E?