Solved: For the tax year of 2017, my son is 21. However, he lives with us and goes to college. Because of a learning disability, he does not take a full load. He also works, a
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For the tax year of 2017, my son is 21. However, he lives with us and goes to college. Because of a learning disability, he does not take a full load. He also works, a

He works, at most, 40 hours every 2 weeks and files a W-2 self (sorry, forget the term at the moment, anyway, filed his income tax.). We weren't able to declare him but we could our daughter (18 at the time and full time student.). How can we declare our son?
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Level 15

For the tax year of 2017, my son is 21. However, he lives with us and goes to college. Because of a learning disability, he does not take a full load. He also works, a

If he is not totally and permanently disabled then without being a full time student under the age of 24 you will not be able to claim him as a dependent under the Qualifying Child rules.  You would only be able to claim him as a dependent under the Qualifying Relative rules, where one of rules is that they must have gross income of less than $4,050.  Since his gross income would appear to be $4,050 or more then no one can claim him as a dependent.

To be a Qualifying Child -

1. The child must be your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant of any of them.

2. The child must be (a) under age 19 at the end of the year, (b) under age 24 at the end of the year and a full-time student or (c) any age and permanently and totally disabled.

3. The child must have lived with you for more than half of the year. Temporary absences while away at college are considered living with you.

4. The child must not have provided more than half of his or her own support for the year.

5. If the child meets the rules to be a qualifying child of more than one person, you must be the person entitled to claim the child as a qualifying child. 

6. The child must be a U.S. citizen or U.S., Canada or Mexico resident for some portion of the year.

7. The child must be younger than you unless disabled.

To be a Qualifying Relative -

1. The person cannot be your qualifying child or the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. A child is not the qualifying child of any other taxpayer if the child's parent (or any other person for whom the child is defined as a qualifying child) is not required to file an income tax return or files an income tax return only to get a refund on income tax withheld.

2. The person either (a) must be related to you or (b) must live with you all year as a member of your household. 

3. The person's gross income for the year must be less than $4,050 (social security does not count) in 2017

4. You must provide more than half of the person's total support for the year.

5. The person must be a U.S. citizen or a U.S., Canada, or Mexico resident for some part of the year.

6. The person must not file a joint return with their spouse.

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Level 15

For the tax year of 2017, my son is 21. However, he lives with us and goes to college. Because of a learning disability, he does not take a full load. He also works, a

If he is not totally and permanently disabled then without being a full time student under the age of 24 you will not be able to claim him as a dependent under the Qualifying Child rules.  You would only be able to claim him as a dependent under the Qualifying Relative rules, where one of rules is that they must have gross income of less than $4,050.  Since his gross income would appear to be $4,050 or more then no one can claim him as a dependent.

To be a Qualifying Child -

1. The child must be your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant of any of them.

2. The child must be (a) under age 19 at the end of the year, (b) under age 24 at the end of the year and a full-time student or (c) any age and permanently and totally disabled.

3. The child must have lived with you for more than half of the year. Temporary absences while away at college are considered living with you.

4. The child must not have provided more than half of his or her own support for the year.

5. If the child meets the rules to be a qualifying child of more than one person, you must be the person entitled to claim the child as a qualifying child. 

6. The child must be a U.S. citizen or U.S., Canada or Mexico resident for some portion of the year.

7. The child must be younger than you unless disabled.

To be a Qualifying Relative -

1. The person cannot be your qualifying child or the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. A child is not the qualifying child of any other taxpayer if the child's parent (or any other person for whom the child is defined as a qualifying child) is not required to file an income tax return or files an income tax return only to get a refund on income tax withheld.

2. The person either (a) must be related to you or (b) must live with you all year as a member of your household. 

3. The person's gross income for the year must be less than $4,050 (social security does not count) in 2017

4. You must provide more than half of the person's total support for the year.

5. The person must be a U.S. citizen or a U.S., Canada, or Mexico resident for some part of the year.

6. The person must not file a joint return with their spouse.

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