How to amend a 2016 Online return <a rel="nofollow" target="_blank" href="https://ttlc.intuit.com/questions/3402261-how-do-i-amend-my-2016-turbotax-online-return">https://ttl...>
Did you file as married filing jointly or as married filing separately?
If you were not married as of December 31, 2016, and you filed as married filing separately, you can file an amended return to change your filing status to single. Follow the instructions at the link that VolvoGirl posted in the comments above.
But if you were not married and filed as married filing jointly, you have a much more complex situation. You are normally not allowed to change your filing status from married filing jointly to single after the due date of the return, which was April 18. If you simply file an amended return changing your filing status, the IRS will reject the amended return.
Your situation is an exception to the general rule. Your joint return was what is called an "invalid joint election" because you were not legally married at the end of 2016. So you can file an amended return, but you have to attach some additional information. This is a very uncommon situation, and it's a very obscure part of the tax rules. I recommend that you have a tax professional prepare your amended return with the attachments that the IRS requires. You probably won't find a tax pro who is familiar with this particular situation - it doesn't come up very often - but look for someone who has experience dealing with the IRS in unusual cases. You can tell the tax pro to refer to IRM 188.8.131.52.7, which is the section of the Internal Revenue Manual that covers an invalid joint election. When you meet with the tax pro, bring a copy of your original joint tax return. If you were previously married but got divorced before December 31, 2016, also bring a copy of your divorce decree.
To get your amended return accepted, changing the filing status from joint to single, you have to first of all clearly state that the original return was an "invalid joint election," and explain the circumstances. Since this is such a rare situation, I would also suggest that you reference IRM 184.108.40.206.7. The tax pro will know how to word the explanation. IRS procedures require two things in order to accept the change of filing status.
1. Documents verifying that you were not married as of December 31, 2016. If you got divorced, you can satisfy this requirement by attaching a copy of your divorce decree.
2. An allocation of all "income, credits, and payments" on the joint return. "Allocation means the taxpayer must designate/show which wages, deductions, withholding, EITC, tax liability, etc., belong to each taxpayer." Here's where you really need a tax pro. There are very detailed rules in the Internal Revenue Manual about how to do the allocation (IRM 220.127.116.11.8).
This is not something that's covered in normal IRS instructions or publications. If you want to look at the applicable sections of the Internal Revenue Manual yourself, go to the following link, then scroll down to 18.104.22.168.7 and 22.214.171.124.8. The Internal Revenue Manual is the manual of procedures followed by IRS employees. It's written for them, not for taxpayers, so it is addressed to them and assumes a level of knowledge that they have from their training.