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cspfire2024
Level 3

Excess Roth IRA Contributions - How to Fix it?

Hello Tax Experts

 

Here is my situation and I really appreciate if you could please help me with some pointers.

- In 2018, I contributed to Roth IRA.  I now realized that I was not eligible to contribute.

- This was also not reported in the Tax Returns of 2018.  I am sure; had I reported in TurboTax it would have pointed out right there and would have completely avoided this sticky situation.

 

How can I make this right?

- Do I have to file 2018 amended tax return?  If yes - what specifically needs changes.

 

Please help.

1 Best answer

Accepted Solutions
macuser_22
Level 15

Excess Roth IRA Contributions - How to Fix it?

Since you failed to remove the excess before the due date of the 2018 tax return, you owe a 6% excess contribution penalty for 2018.    That will require that you amend 2018, report the excess on a 2018 5329 form that will calculate  6% penalty.

 

That 6% penalty  repeated in 2019 since you also failed to remove the excess before Dec 31, 2019.   You also need to file an amended 2019 tax return reporting the excess that remained in 2019 and file 1 2019 5329 that will calculate the 2019 penalty.

 

To avoid another 2020 penalty, the excess must be removed as a normal Roth distribution before Dec 31, 2020.    You will receive a 2020 1099-R with a code J in box 7 if under age 59 1/2.  That distribution will not be taxable since you are removing your own contribution.   Any earnings attributed to the excess will remain in the IRA because the penalties are paid.

 

 

 

**Disclaimer: This post is for discussion purposes only and is NOT tax advice. The author takes no responsibility for the accuracy of any information in this post.**

View solution in original post

6 Replies
macuser_22
Level 15

Excess Roth IRA Contributions - How to Fix it?

Since you failed to remove the excess before the due date of the 2018 tax return, you owe a 6% excess contribution penalty for 2018.    That will require that you amend 2018, report the excess on a 2018 5329 form that will calculate  6% penalty.

 

That 6% penalty  repeated in 2019 since you also failed to remove the excess before Dec 31, 2019.   You also need to file an amended 2019 tax return reporting the excess that remained in 2019 and file 1 2019 5329 that will calculate the 2019 penalty.

 

To avoid another 2020 penalty, the excess must be removed as a normal Roth distribution before Dec 31, 2020.    You will receive a 2020 1099-R with a code J in box 7 if under age 59 1/2.  That distribution will not be taxable since you are removing your own contribution.   Any earnings attributed to the excess will remain in the IRA because the penalties are paid.

 

 

 

**Disclaimer: This post is for discussion purposes only and is NOT tax advice. The author takes no responsibility for the accuracy of any information in this post.**

View solution in original post

cspfire2024
Level 3

Excess Roth IRA Contributions - How to Fix it?

Thank you so much for the help and pointers.  One more question please - does TurboTax offer the option to do the following (as you suggested)

- Indicate that I contributed to Roth IRA

- Generate entries for Form 5329

- Calculate 6% penalty

 

Appreciate your time and help.

macuser_22
Level 15

Excess Roth IRA Contributions - How to Fix it?

Yes.  Enter the Roth IRA contribution and indicate that you had an excess that was not removed.  TurboTax should generate a 5329 form for that year.

 

Enter IRA contributions here:
Federal Taxes,
Deductions & Credits,
I’ll choose what I work on (if that screen comes up),
Retirement & Investments,
Traditional & Roth IRA contribution.

OR  Use the "Tools" menu  (if online version under My Account) and then "Search Topics" for "ira contributions" which will take you to the same place.

Screen Shot 2020-09-01 at 2.41.28 PM.jpgScreen Shot 2020-09-01 at 2.42.25 PM.jpg

 

Online for 2018 ended on Oct 15, 2019. 2018 and earlier can only be amended with TurboTax using the CD/download version installed on a PC or Mac computer.

2019 amended Federal returns can either be e-filed or mailed. 2018 and earlier amended returns can only be mailed. It is suggested that it be mailed certified with return receipt (or other tracking service) to verify that the IRS or state receives it.

See this TurboTax FAQ for detailed amend instructions:
https://ttlc.intuit.com/questions/1894381-how-to-amend-change-or-correct-a-return-you-already-filed

-- Amended returns can only be mailed - allow 8-12 weeks - can take up to 16 weeks (4 months) for processing.

You can check the status of the amended return here, but allow 3 weeks after mailing.

https://www.irs.gov/filing/wheres-my-amended-return

**Disclaimer: This post is for discussion purposes only and is NOT tax advice. The author takes no responsibility for the accuracy of any information in this post.**
cspfire2024
Level 3

Excess Roth IRA Contributions - How to Fix it?

Hello MacUser22

 

Thank you so much for your help, time and patience with my questions, sincerely appreciated.

 

I promise, one last question please.

 

With your previous response, I will be able to amend 2018.

 

What remains to be done in 2019. 

 

Please help with the last question.

macuser_22
Level 15

Excess Roth IRA Contributions - How to Fix it?

As I said above, you also amend 2019 and enter a Roth IRA contribution the same way but the contribution amount would be zero. the Interview will then ask if you had a prior year excess that was not removed.  When you enter that amount a 2019 5239 will be added.

 

 

**Disclaimer: This post is for discussion purposes only and is NOT tax advice. The author takes no responsibility for the accuracy of any information in this post.**
cspfire2024
Level 3

Excess Roth IRA Contributions - How to Fix it?

Thank you!!!

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