Repayment over $3,000. If the amount you repaid was more than $3,000, you can recover the tax you originally paid using one of two methods. You can do it as a deduction on schedule A or a tax credit on line 73 of the 1040 form if when you included the income in a previous year, it appeared that you had an unrestricted right to it.
Figure your tax under both methods and compare the results. Use the method (deduction or credit) that results in less tax.
Method 1. Claiming a deduction for the repaid amount. You deduct it as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A line 28. (Not allowed for tax years 2018 - 2025)
This is the flow in TurboTax:
Federal taxes > Deductions & credits > I'll choose what I work on > Other deductions and credits > Other deductible expense>Go thru to third screen> answer YES to "Did you have any other deductions that are not subject to the 2% limitation?"
Enter the amount you repaid under, "Claim of Right Repayment (Only if over $3,000).
Method 2. Figure your tax claiming a credit for the repaid amount. Follow these steps.
This is the flow in TurboTax (This can only be done in the Forms mode of the Desktop version of TurboTax)
Go to FORMS (top right of main screen) > Form 1040 > Scroll below line 72 to "Other Payments and Credits Smart worksheet" (new form/schedules will mean you need to look for the correct place)
Please enter the credit on line D.
This credit should show up on Sch 5 line 74
I've included a link to the IRS website for your reference: https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p525.pdf
@Critter thank you! can you clarify why I can't do method 1 for tax years 2018 - 2025? I would prefer to do method 1, but you're saying that I can't?
To clarify: the original signing bonus was given to me in 2018. So I would be taking a deduction for it in the 2019 year?
@Critter actually, now that I look at this article, it seems it is not allowed for me to claim a deduction...
Can you help provide your thoughts/perspective?