Do I have to claim 1099-Misc for winnings when my expenses are way more then what I received?
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New Member

Do I have to claim 1099-Misc for winnings when my expenses are way more then what I received?

I race once a month out at a local dirt track. I have received a 1099Misc for coming in first a few times, my expenses for fuel, tires & entry fee is way more then what I actually won. Do I really need to claim this, even if I am still in the hole for racing?
3 Replies
Expert Alumni

Do I have to claim 1099-Misc for winnings when my expenses are way more then what I received?

If this is a hobby you can report the income and then deduct any actual expenses that are ordinary and necessary for you to receive the income.  These expenses could be used as an itemized deduction for any amount that exceeds 2% of your adjusted gross income (AGI).  The difference would be added to other itemized deductions so that TurboTax could maximize your deduction. (see a checklist of deductions attached)

Otherwise you can choose to treat it as a business but the IRS uses the rule below to determine if it is venture engaged in for profit.  

  • The IRS language states you must be engaged in the activity to produce a profit.  It is reasonable to have a loss on the overall business in the first couple of years while you gain momentum.  The rule they use is three years of profit out of every five consecutive year period. 

Whether the expenses are used on itemized deductions or whether you use the standard deduction the income must be added to the return.

To record your hobby income and deductions you can follow the steps here.

  1. Sign into your TurboTax account - 
  2. Search hobby income in the upper right
  3. Then Jump to hobby income, loss
  4. Enter your income and expenses
  5. TurboTax will calculate your allowable expense and total itemized deductions

Be sure to add all itemized deductions to maximize the hobby expenses.

If you decide that this is more of a business, for which you plan to profit you could utilize the business Schedule C.  It's all right if you aren't quite sure yet.  You can always report it as a business if you find it becomes more than a hobby later.  

Either way you will need to use TurboTax Deluxe to add the income because the IRS does not allow this to be reported on a Form 1040EZ or 1040A.  It's more complicated than the short form.  

If you want to record it like as a business, instead of a hobby and use the expenses you can use TurboTax Self Employed.

You can go directly to the area to enter the document by following these steps.

1. Sign into your account and select your current return.

2. Select  My Account on the top right and then select Tools

3. Select Topic Search (see attached image)

4. Search for business and select Go

5. Follow the interview to enter or review your entry.

New Member

Do I have to claim 1099-Misc for winnings when my expenses are way more then what I received?

Thank you, should I just enter the 1099-Misc form I received from racing?
Expert Alumni

Do I have to claim 1099-Misc for winnings when my expenses are way more then what I received?

Yes and then other income if you received income that was not reported to you on a form.
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