I have had a Roth IRA opened for more than 5 years and have never taken a First Time Home Exception. If I have made contributions equal to 50K and the account is worth 100K presently, can I take a 10K disbursement for the first time home buyer credit and keep the original 50k worth of contributions as eligible for penalty/tax free withdraws?
No, there is a specific order in which Roth IRA distributions must be taken.
Contributions to the account are distributed first. Therefore you cannot decide that your distribution is from the earnings in the account instead even if you do have an exception to the early distribution penalty.
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Remember also that even though a withdrawal of earnings would be exempt from the 10% penalty for a first time home buyer, you would still pay regular income tax on any withdrawal of earnings that is before the age of 59 1/2. The withdrawal of contributions is tax free and penalty free at any time for any reason.