Yes. That's true. Rental property passive losses that are not deductible right away are called suspended passive losses. These deductions are not lost forever. Rather, they are carried forward indefinitely until either of two things happen:
- you have rental income (or other passive income) you can deduct them against, or
- you dispose of your entire interest in the property.
The tax rules provide that you may deduct your suspended passive losses from the profit you earn when you sell your rental property. To take this deduction, you must sell "substantially all" of your rental activity. If you own only one rental property and sell it, then you can take the deduction because that property is your entire rental activity. The same holds true if you own several properties and treat them each as separate activities for tax purposes. However, many landlords with multiple properties elect to combine them as one activity for tax purposes. In this event, if you own several rental properties and only sell one, you can't take the deduction because you won't have sold "substantially all" of your interest in your rental activity.
In addition, you must sell the property to an unrelated party—that is, a person other than your spouse, brothers, sisters, ancestors (parents, grandparents), lineal descendants (children, grandchildren), or a corporation or partnership in which you own more than 50%. And, the sale must be a taxable event—that is you must recognize income or loss for tax purposes. This means tax-deferred Section 1031 exchanges don’t count, except to the extent you recognize any taxable income. (I.R.C. §469(g).)
If you have any other details regarding this question, please feel free to post them in the comment section.
Hope this is helpful.
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Also, just to clarify for federal taxes, this total loss $10,091 I am not eligible to deduct against my gross income as my income is over $150k bracket and the deduction has phased away completely. However, to your point, can this total amount be deducted against the rental property income for 2018? All of it?
Sorry for too many questions, soo new to this, hence a lot of confusion! Thanks for your help!
@MichaelDC Hi, how do you verify that TurboTax has correctly captured the losses from previous years? I sold my investment property last year and can't seem to find these losses anywhere in my return. Thank you in advance.
Passive losses carried over to 2020 and not allowed on your 2020 return for whatever reason will be shown on IRS Form 8582.
PART I is for rental real estate activity and the loss to be carried over to 2020 is on line "d".
If you have more than one rental property then you need to know the carry over loss for each property individually. You'll find that on page 2 of the 8582 in Worksheet 1, column (e). The amount in column (c) is the carry over from last years 2018 return, to this year's 2019 return.