Education expenses for grades K-12 are not deductible on your Federal return, whether for private, public, or home schooling, nor are the expenses for tutoring, after school lessons or after school activities, such as dance lessons, sports, etc. Some states allow deductions/credits for K-12 education and/or home schooling expenses; if your state has these deductions available, you will be prompted to enter them when you prepare your state return. (As far as I know, the states that offer any sort of K-12 deductions/credits are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa,Louisiana, Minnesota, and Wisconsin)
That's what I'm referring to. TurboTax seems to want you to enter your 1099-Q information, which makes all your 529 plan distributions taxable. How then to claim the 10k exemption for withdrawal for K-12 expenses? No guidance in the program, and the stock community answers are pre-2018 and misleading. I did figure out that working with actual tax forms, you would not report distributions at all, so long as all distributions were used for qualified expenses. But in my case I accidentally withdrew too much. If I were working directly on actual tax forms, the procedure (according to several articles) would be to report only the PORTION of the 1099-Q income that wasn't spent on qualified expenses. So I'll do that in TurboTax, and the income reporting should then be OK. I will also be subject to a 10% penalty on the income, but I'm not sure TurboTax has that figured out. The penalty section has an item for early retirement withdrawals, but not for over-withdrawal from a 529 plan.
There may have been a recent update in the program. I just tried it (I have desktop Deluxe) and it works fine. Enter the 1099-Q at:
-Deductions and credits
-ESA and 529 Qualified Tuition Plans (1099-Q)
You'll eventually be asked what level of schooling the student had, including elementary and high school. Be sure to uncheck college (it was prechecked on my screen). Then you will get a screen to enter your expenses. You do not need to go to the separate educations expenses section.
There is no federal tax credit for K-12 tuition. You can withdraw money from a 529 or Coverdell account ot pay for K-12, With Coverdell or 529 plan you can save for education and not pay tax on the earnings as long as it is used for education expenses.
Some states do offer families tax relief for K–12 private school expenses. Alabama, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Minnesota, South Carolina and Wisconsin offer private school choice programs known as individual tax credits and deductions.
Thanks for your response.
I understand the part about no tax credit for education expenses. I withdrew from 529 for K-12 private school and entered 1099-Q on TurboTax. The questions only asked me if I spend money on qualified tuition (yes I did) but it did not ask me for details of the name/fed id of the private school.
I want to make sure that I don't get dinged for federal taxes on 529 earnings since I used it for a qualified k-12 school. However, I don't know how to verify that on turbotax.
After entering the 1099-Q, follow the interview. When you reach the screen, titled "Form 1099-Q Summary". press done. The next screen will ask: "What level of school did the student attend in 2020". If you check either "attended elementary school" or "attended High School", two screens later you will be given a screen to enter your expenses. You do not enter elementary/high school expenses in the education section of TT (that's for college & vocational schools)
The name and fed ID# of the school is not needed.