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Can I claim the tuition credit for my daughter if she claims herself on her taxes?

My daughter is having a baby this year so she will be claiming herself and her baby for the 2017 tax year. She was a full time student and I have been paying her tuition. Can I still claim the 1098T on my taxes for 2017?

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Level 15

Can I claim the tuition credit for my daughter if she claims herself on her taxes?

Simple answer: no. The tuition credit goes with the student's exemption (dependency). If she claims herself (and she must claim herself to claim her child), only she can claim the tuition credit. She can claim the credit even if you were the one that paid the tuition. But, students, under age 24, have restrictions on claiming the refundable portion  of the American Opportunity Tuition credit (AOTC).

But the bigger question is can she legally claim herself. It's not optional. A child of a taxpayer can still be a “Qualifying Child” (QC) dependent, regardless of his/her income, or having a child of her own, if:

1. He is under age 19, or under 24 if a full time student for at least 5 months of the year, or is totally & permanently disabled

2. He did not provide more than 1/2 his own support. Scholarships are considered third party support and not as support provided by the student.

3. He lived with the parent (including temporary absences such as away at school) for more than half the year

 So, it doesn't matter how much he earned. What matters is how much he spent on support. Money he put into savings does not count as support he spent on him self.

The support value of the home you provided is the fair market rental value of the home plus utilities & other expenses divided by the number of occupants.

 Furthermore, there is a rule that says IF somebody else CAN claim him as a dependent, he is not allowed to claim his own exemption. If he has sufficient income (usually more than $6300), he can & should still file taxes; he just doesn’t get his own $4050 exemption (deduction). In TurboTax, he indicates that somebody else can claim him as a dependent, at the personal information section.  A dependent cannot have a dependent of her own. If your daughter and grandchild live with you; you should be claiming them both.

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Highlighted
Level 15

Can I claim the tuition credit for my daughter if she claims herself on her taxes?

Simple answer: no. The tuition credit goes with the student's exemption (dependency). If she claims herself (and she must claim herself to claim her child), only she can claim the tuition credit. She can claim the credit even if you were the one that paid the tuition. But, students, under age 24, have restrictions on claiming the refundable portion  of the American Opportunity Tuition credit (AOTC).

But the bigger question is can she legally claim herself. It's not optional. A child of a taxpayer can still be a “Qualifying Child” (QC) dependent, regardless of his/her income, or having a child of her own, if:

1. He is under age 19, or under 24 if a full time student for at least 5 months of the year, or is totally & permanently disabled

2. He did not provide more than 1/2 his own support. Scholarships are considered third party support and not as support provided by the student.

3. He lived with the parent (including temporary absences such as away at school) for more than half the year

 So, it doesn't matter how much he earned. What matters is how much he spent on support. Money he put into savings does not count as support he spent on him self.

The support value of the home you provided is the fair market rental value of the home plus utilities & other expenses divided by the number of occupants.

 Furthermore, there is a rule that says IF somebody else CAN claim him as a dependent, he is not allowed to claim his own exemption. If he has sufficient income (usually more than $6300), he can & should still file taxes; he just doesn’t get his own $4050 exemption (deduction). In TurboTax, he indicates that somebody else can claim him as a dependent, at the personal information section.  A dependent cannot have a dependent of her own. If your daughter and grandchild live with you; you should be claiming them both.

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