I am working with a Canadian based company that only has an HQ in Canada. When I'm paid, they don't withhold any tax. I read somewhere if you're a foreign contractor not performing services IN Canada, you are tax exempt (with some exceptions). Do I just file taxes as a freelancer or should I open a company acc, etc? He doesn't provide us tax forms such as T4 or W2.
I read somewhere if you're a foreign contractor not performing services IN Canada, you are tax exempt (with some exceptions).
Exempt from Canadian tax or exempt from U.S. tax? If you are a U.S. citizen working in the U.S., you have to pay U.S. tax, no matter where your client is located. (You also have to pay tax to the state you are working in.) If you want to know about Canadian tax rules, ask in the TurboTax Support Community for Canada.
And "somewhere" is often not a reliable source for tax information.
I got it from a Quickbooks article. I think the article is just saying the company dont have to withhold tax right?
To be clear, that article is on the Canadian QuickBooks site, and is about Canadian taxes. It doesn't tell you anything about your U.S. taxes.
The article is confusing. It says "if a non-resident of Canada renders services outside of Canada, then there are no tax obligations." But later it says "For non-residents, every payment received is subject to a withholding by the Canadian payer." I think the first statement is referring to a non-resident working outside of Canada, and the second statement is referring to a non-resident working in Canada, but it's not entirely clear. As I said before, you should ask your questions about Canadian taxes in the TurboTax Support Community for Canada. Or you might need to get advice from a tax professional who is familiar with both U.S. and Canadian tax laws, as well as the tax treaty between the two countries, which could also affect your situation.
We can't help you with Canadian tax rules here in the U.S. TurboTax community. As far as your U.S. taxes are concerned, as a U.S. citizen working in the U.S., you must pay U.S. federal and state tax on the income that you earn. It makes no difference where your client is located. Since you are a self-employed contractor, you report the income as business income on your U.S. federal and state tax returns. Since you are not an employee, you would not get a T4 or a W-2.
Whether to conduct your business as a sole proprietor or form some sort of "company" involves legal as well as tax issues. You might want to consult a lawyer who deals with small businesses. When you know how your business is structured we can give you some guidance about how to file your tax returns, but we can't advise you on how to structure the business.
International taxes are tricky and can get complicated. You might be better off getting professional advice instead of relying on what you read on the internet.