I was wondering what my sister should do in this situation. She went out on a whim and started a makeup selling business but doesn't plan on doing it next year. She only did it for about 6 months. She spent $8000 and only made about $2500... meaning that she lost about $5500. Does she still need to report this? And if so, what does she file? I have read conflicting things about what category this might fall under, whether its a hobby loss or a independent business? Will she still have to pay in even though it wasn't a profitable business?
Yes, your sister needs to report her income and expenses from this business. She may even have a deductible loss from her activity.
Showing a loss in her first year of business doesn’t automatically mean that her direct selling activity was a hobby.
The following factors, although not all inclusive, may help you to determine whether your activity is an activity engaged in for profit or a hobby:
- Does the time and effort put into the activity indicate an intention to make a profit?
- Do you depend on income from the activity?
- If there are losses, are they due to circumstances beyond your control or did they occur in the start-up phase of the business?
- Have you changed methods of operation to improve profitability?
- Do you have the knowledge needed to carry on the activity as a successful business?
- Have you made a profit in similar activities in the past?
- Does the activity make a profit in some years?
- Do you expect to make a profit in the future from the appreciation of assets used in the activity?
If she chose not to pursue the business this year because last year wasn't profitable, it could show that she did have a profit motive.
To report the income and expenses as a business, she would use TurboTax Self-Employed online, and her income/loss would be reported on Schedule C under Self-Employment Income.
If this was a hobby, she would report the income and expenses under Less Common Income, then scroll down to Miscellaneous Income, and select Hobby income and expenses. She would not claim a loss in that case, but only be able to claim her expenses to the extent of her income.
She should be sure to not to claim any purchases or other expenses that were for her personal use.
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