You might need to send in quarterly estimated payments if you don't have enough other tax withholding (like from W2 wages) to cover any self employment tax on a business profit.
Turbo Tax will calculate the 1040ES estimated payments
You must make quarterly estimated tax payments for the current tax year if both of the following apply:
- 1. You expect to owe at least $1,000 in tax for the current tax year, after subtracting your withholding and credits.
- 2. You expect your withholding and credits to be less than the smaller of:
90% of the tax to be shown on your current year’s tax return, or
100% of the tax shown on your prior year’s tax return. (Your prior year tax return must cover all 12 months).
To prepare estimates for next year you start with your current return, but be careful not to change anything. For Online returns, if you can't get back into your return, Click on Add a State to let you back into your retun.
You can just type W4 in the search box at the top of your return , click on Find. Then Click on Jump To and it will take you to the estimated tax payments section. Say no to changing your W-4 and the next screen will start the estimated taxes section.
Or Go to….
Federal Taxes or Personal (Desktop H&B)
Other Tax Situations
Other Tax Forms
Form W-4 and Estimated Taxes - Click the Start or Update button
To just estimate the remaining quarters put in that you paid $1 for the missed quarters so it will only calculate the remaining quarters.
How to make the Estimated payments
Here are the blank Estimates and instructions…..
The 1040ES quarterly estimates are due April 18, June 15, Sept 15 and Jan 17, 2023. Your state will also have their own estimate forms.
Or you can pay directly on the IRS website https://www.irs.gov/payments
Be sure to pick the right kind of payment and year.....2022 Estimate
You pay Self Employment tax (Scheduled SE) on a Net Profit of $400 or more on Schedule C. You pay 15.3% SE tax on 92.35% of your Net Profit (If it is greater than $400). The 15.3% self employed SE Tax is to pay both the employer part and employee part of Social Security and Medicare. So you get social security credit for it when you retire. The SE tax is in addition to any regularity income tax on the Net Profit.
Since you are new to self employment, here's Some general info on self employment on Schedule C.......
You will need to keep good records. You may get a 1099NEC at the end of the year if someone pays you more than $600 but you need to report all your income no matter how small. You might want to use Quicken or QuickBooks to keep track of your income and expenses.
There is also QuickBooks Self Employment bundle you can check out which includes one Turbo Tax Online Self Employed return....
When you are self employed you are in business for yourself and the person or company that pays you is your customer or client.
To report your self employment income you will fill out schedule C in your personal 1040 tax return and pay SE self employment Tax. You will need to use the Online Self Employed version or any Desktop program but the Desktop Home & Business version will have the most help.
Here is some IRS reading material……
IRS information on Self Employment
Pulication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business
Publication 535 Business Expenses
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