I will be getting married next year and living in a separate state as my future spouse for my graduate school. I don't know where to claim residency - where my fiancé lives (Dover, DE) or where I will be in school and earning income (Gloucester Point, VA). I've tried looking at the different tax rates, etc., but I'm still not sure if I'm even looking in the right direction because there seems to be so much to consider. Any suggestions? Thank you!
Since college is technically temporary, students are usually considered to be permanent residents of the state they came from. The concept is called "domicile" and a taxpayer can have many residences but only one domicile at a time. Your domicile is where you have your most substantial connection.
If you have permanently left your parents' home and have moved in with your fiancee, and visit your fiancee on breaks, you may be domiciled in Dover. If you still commute between your parents, your school, and your fiancee, and still have your bank accounts and voter registration at your parents' house, then you are probably domiciled there.
What makes you a resident? Generally, you're a resident of a state if you intend to either stay there permanently, or return there after a temporary absence. It's where home is – where you come back to after being away on vacation, business trip, overseas employment, or school. Many other factors are considered, not the least of which are where you are registered to vote, own homestead property, your children attend school, and are licensed to drive, (
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