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Magsdon
New Member

Claiming a dependent

My adult son lives with me, is on social security disability(not sure on exact amount he got year of 2023, I believe around $9000 in benefits) and made less than $4400 last year. Can I claim him as a dependent?

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1 Reply
JamesG1
Employee Tax Expert

Claiming a dependent

Perhaps.  

 

A dependent must meet the requirements of a qualifying child or a qualifying relative in order for you to claim them on your tax return. 

The tests for a qualifying child are:

 

  • Relationship: Must be your child, adopted child, foster child, brother or sister, or a descendant of one of these (grand or nephew).
  • Residence: Must have the same residence for more than half the year.
  • Age: Must be under age 19 or under 24 and a full-time student for at least 5 months. They can be any age if they are totally and permanently disabled.
  • Support: The dependent must not have provided more than half of their own support during the year.
  • Joint Support: The child cannot file a joint return for the year.

 

The tests for a qualifying relative are:

 

  • Qualifying Child: They are not the “qualifying child” of another taxpayer or your “qualifying child.”
  • Gross Income: The dependent being claimed earns less than $4,700 in 2023.
  • Total Support: You provide more than half of the total support for the year.
  • Member of Household or Relationship: The person (a friend, girlfriend, non-blood relative) must live with you all year as a member of your household or be related to you.

 

TurboTax software will ask you simple questions and give you the tax deductions and credits for which you are eligible based upon your answers.

 

See also this TurboTax Help.

 

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