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For my 2022 return I did not include my 1098-T data. So, I was not able to benefit from the Expense and Scholarship deduction. Is there a way to utilize this for 2023?

 
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2 Replies
DawnC
Expert Alumni

For my 2022 return I did not include my 1098-T data. So, I was not able to benefit from the Expense and Scholarship deduction. Is there a way to utilize this for 2023?

If you have a 2023 Form 1098-T, you can enter it on this tax return - but not the 2022 form.   If you want to include the 2022 tax form, you would need to amend your 2022 tax return and add it.   Follow the instructions here to amend your tax return.    

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Hal_Al
Level 15

For my 2022 return I did not include my 1098-T data. So, I was not able to benefit from the Expense and Scholarship deduction. Is there a way to utilize this for 2023?

Q. For my 2022 return I did not include my 1098-T data. I was not able to benefit from the Expense and Scholarship deduction. Is there a way to utilize this for 2023?

A. No. But you may file an amended 2022 tax return to claim an education credit, if you are eligible. 

 

There is no such thing as a "scholarship deduction". 

 

There's a new urban myth among college students that says they can get a $1000 from the government just for filing a tax form. For most of them, they simply aren't eligible. A full time unmarried student, under age 24, even if you don't qualify as a dependent, is only eligible for the refundable portion of the American Opportunity Credit if he supports himself by working. You cannot be supporting yourself on parental support, 529 plans or student loans & grants. It is usually best if the parent claims that credit. 

You cannot claim a credit if you are, or can be, claimed as a dependent by someone else.

Reference: Line 7 instructions for form 8863. https://www.irs.gov/instructions/i8863

 

 There is a tax “loop hole” available to claim an education credit, for the parents of students on scholarship. The student reports all his scholarship, up to the amount needed to claim the American Opportunity Credit (AOC), as income on his return. That way, the parents  (or himself, if he is not a dependent) can claim the tuition credit on their return. They can do this because that much tuition was no longer paid by "tax free" scholarship.  You cannot do this if the school’s billing statement specifically shows the scholarships being applied to tuition or if the conditions of the grant are that it be used to pay for qualified expenses.

Using an example: Student has $10,000 in box 5 of the 1098-T and $8000 in box 1. At first glance he/she has $2000 of taxable income and nobody can claim the American opportunity credit. But if she reports $6000 as income on her return, the parents can claim $4000 of qualified expenses on their return.

Books and computers are also qualifying expenses for the AOC. So, extending the example, the student had another $1000 in expenses for those course materials, paid out of pocket, she would only need to report $5000 of taxable scholarship income, instead of $6000

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