Do I need to file a federal return this year?

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Do I need to file a federal return this year?

You'll definitely need to file a 2019 return with the IRS if you had:

  • $400 or more in self-employment net earnings (gross income minus expenses); or
  • Marketplace health insurance and you received advanced payments for the premium tax credit.

If you're being claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2019 return, like your parents', go to Do I need to file my own taxes if I'm a dependent? Otherwise, if you're not being claimed as a dependent, refer to the chart below.

Tip: Even if you're not required to file a return this year, file one anyway if you want to recover 2019 federal tax withheld from your paychecks.

Filing Status Age on December 31, 2019 Must file if gross income is at least
Single Under 65 $12,200
65 or over $13,850
Married Filing Jointly Under 65 (both spouses) $24,400
Under 65 (one spouse) $25,700
65 or over (both spouses) $27,000
Married Filing Separately Any age $5.00
Head of Household Under 65 $18,350
65 or over $20,000
Qualifying Widow(er) Under 65 $24,400
65 or over $25,700

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