Do I need to file a federal return this year?

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Do I need to file a federal return this year?

You'll definitely need to file a 2020 return with the IRS if you had:

  • $400 or more in self-employment net earnings (gross income minus expenses); or
  • Marketplace health insurance and you received advanced payments for the premium tax credit.

If you're being claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2020 return, like your parents', go to Do I need to file my own taxes if I'm a dependent? Otherwise, if you're not being claimed as a dependent, refer to the chart below.

Tip: Even if you're not required to file a return this year, file one anyway if you want to recover 2020 federal tax withheld from your paychecks.

Filing Status Age on December 31, 2020 Must file if gross income is at least
Single Under 65 $12,400
65 or over $14,050
Married Filing Jointly Under 65 (both spouses) $24,800
Under 65 (one spouse) $26,100
65 or over (both spouses) $27,400
Married Filing Separately Any age $5.00
Head of Household Under 65 $18,650
65 or over $20,300
Qualifying Widow(er) Under 65 $24,800
65 or over $26,100

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