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Do I have to file tax returns in more than one state?

SOLVEDby TurboTax45178Updated April 13, 2023

These are the most common situations for needing to file multiple state returns. Select yours below to learn more.

If you were a resident of two different states during the tax year, follow these steps. This don't include temporary moves for short-term work or school if you intend to return to your home state.

Income gets reported to the state it's earned in. Generally, this means out-of-state workers have to file a return for their work state in addition to their resident state (excluding reciprocal agreements and non-income tax states). Examples include:

  • Out-of-state students who earn income in the state where they attend school
  • Employees who regularly commute across state lines, like New Jersey residents who work in New York
  • Employees who perform work in other states on assignment

Typically, you'll file a nonresident state return for the state you worked in and pay that state's tax. You'll then get a credit for taxes paid on your resident state return.

If your out-of-state business or rental property generates income, you'll need to file a nonresident return in that state.

But even if it doesn't, the state may require you to file a return anyway, or you might file to take advantage of state-specific credits, such as property tax credits. Check with the state Department of Revenue for state-specific info.

You can also use our refund calculator to see how many state returns you need to file and estimate your next tax return.

Here are some common situations where you don't have to file a second state return:

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