Re: My son lives with me full time but works part ...
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Your son will have to file his own tax return if any of the following apply.

 

Your son is younger than age 19 or a full-time student age 19-23, he must file a tax return for 2019 if he had any of the following: 

 

  • Unearned income (interest, dividends, capital gains, taxable scholarships, unemployment compensation) of more than $1,050. 
  •  Earned income (wages, salaries, tips, and fees) of more than $12,200. 
  •  Gross income (earned and unearned income) was more than the larger of:   $1,050 or earned income (up to $12,000) plus $350 

If none of the above items apply and you qualify to claim your son as your dependent your son may want to file anyway to get a refund of any tax withheld.

 

If he does file he needs to check the box Someone can claim: You as a dependent on her Form 1040. 

 

To claim an exemption for your son, you must be able to answer "yes" to all of the following questions. 

 

  • Are they related to you? The child can be your son, daughter, stepchild, eligible foster child, brother, sister, half-brother, half-sister, stepbrother, stepsister, adopted child or an offspring of any of them. 
  • Do they meet the age requirement? Your child must be under age 19 or, if a full-time student, under age 24. There is no age limit if your child is permanently and totally disabled. 
  • Do they live with you? Your child must live with you for more than half the year, but several exceptions apply. 
  • Do you financially support them? Your child may have a job, but that job cannot provide more than half of her support. 
  • Are you the only person claiming them? This requirement commonly applies to children of divorced parents.  

This link Rules for Claiming a Dependent on Your Tax Return has information you may find helpful. 

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