I'm starting to get my 2018 taxes in order, but I don't know which filing status would yield the best return. My husband and I separated in July, and I have sole custody of our 2 kids. I am self-employed and average about 16k a year. My husband did not work at all before we split up. He just started a job last week (11/05/2018), but shouldn't clear more than 3k for the year. He also has 4 student loans in default, and since we're getting closer to the end of the year and he's already on an income-based plan, the loans will likely still be in default come time to file. The questions I have are: 1. Which filing status would give the highest return? Can I file head of household, or do I have to file married filing joint or separate? 2. Can he try to claim our two kids because we all were living in the same house for half the year, even though I had the sole income? 3. If we file joint, am I obligated to give him part of the return, even though he didn't work the vast majority of the year and will have such a small net income? 4. If we file joint, can I submit the injured spouse form when we file so they don't take my part of the return? Also, how do they calculate his part versus my part (i.e. is it split 50/50, is it a percentage based on our individual contributions to the whole;for example, if I use our rounded off incomes from above, his part would be 18.75% and mine would be 81.25%, or do they have a completely different way of dividing it up)?
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Our 2017 tax return was offset due to my student loans. My husband's income was 0 for the year. Should he submit an injured spouse form to get his part of the return, and if yes, what percentage of the return would he get?
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