That's a good question. While students are not particularly treated any different than other taxpayers, there are a few deductions and credits that may apply to you. See the links below each topic.
Who is eligible to take the American Opportunity Credit
Who is eligible for the Lifetime Learning Credit
Deductions: Tuition and Fees Deductions and Student Loan Interest Deduction
What is the Tuition and Fees Deduction?
Can I claim my student Loan?