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shanekim
New Member

My daughter attended college from September through December. She is 19, and lived at home, working, until September. (she earned $8,000). Can I claim her as a dependent?

 
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HelenaC
New Member

My daughter attended college from September through December. She is 19, and lived at home, working, until September. (she earned $8,000). Can I claim her as a dependent?

If your daughter was a high school in 2018 and/or started college in mid-August, then my answer is correct. If she wasn't, please see TomD8's answer below.

Yes, she is your dependent as long as:

  • She didn't claim herself on her income tax return or she wasn't claimed as a dependent by someone else.
  • She's a U.S. citizen, resident alien, national, or a Canadian or Mexican resident.
  • She isn't filing a joint return with their spouse.
  • She's under the age of 19 (or 24 for full-time students). She's considered a full-time student if her 1098-T Tuition Box 8 is checked.
  • She didn't provide more than half of her own support for the year (i.e. housing, food, clothing, medical insurance, utilities, etc.).

See also Can I claim education expenses for my dependent?

Related information:

[Edited 1-31-19|9:05 am PST]

View solution in original post

2 Replies
HelenaC
New Member

My daughter attended college from September through December. She is 19, and lived at home, working, until September. (she earned $8,000). Can I claim her as a dependent?

If your daughter was a high school in 2018 and/or started college in mid-August, then my answer is correct. If she wasn't, please see TomD8's answer below.

Yes, she is your dependent as long as:

  • She didn't claim herself on her income tax return or she wasn't claimed as a dependent by someone else.
  • She's a U.S. citizen, resident alien, national, or a Canadian or Mexican resident.
  • She isn't filing a joint return with their spouse.
  • She's under the age of 19 (or 24 for full-time students). She's considered a full-time student if her 1098-T Tuition Box 8 is checked.
  • She didn't provide more than half of her own support for the year (i.e. housing, food, clothing, medical insurance, utilities, etc.).

See also Can I claim education expenses for my dependent?

Related information:

[Edited 1-31-19|9:05 am PST]

TomD8
Level 15

My daughter attended college from September through December. She is 19, and lived at home, working, until September. (she earned $8,000). Can I claim her as a dependent?

For purposes of the dependency claim, the IRS defines "student" this way: A student is a child who during any part of 5 calendar months of 2018 was enrolled as a full-time student at a school, or took a full-time, on-farm training course given by a school or a state, county, or local government agency. 

September to December is 4 months.

Therefore, assuming your daughter was 19 as of the end of 2018, she does not qualify as a "Qualifying Child."

Since she earned $8,000, she also does not meet the criteria to be a "Qualifying Relative".  The earnings limit for 2018 is $4,150.

Therefore she does not qualify to be claimed as your dependent. 

**Answers are correct to the best of my ability but do not constitute tax or legal advice.

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