Open TurboTax

Why sign in to the Community?

  • Submit a question
  • Check your notifications
or and start working on your taxes
Announcements
Your taxes, your way. Get expert help or do it yourself. >> Get started
Close icon
Do you have a TurboTax Online account?

We'll help you get started or pick up where you left off.

cancel
Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 
mark470
New Member

If i have start paying child support in 2017, is it ok to file my son and girlfriend as a dependent for 2016

I just don't want any negative repercussions from the government. I'm young and inexperienced to this kind of stuff.
1 Best answer

Accepted Solutions
Hal_Al
Level 15

If i have start paying child support in 2017, is it ok to file my son and girlfriend as a dependent for 2016

No. Child support is not relevant to whether your can claim dependents. So even if you paid it in 2016, it would have no bearing.

See full rules for claiming dependents, below.

For your girlfriend, she must have little or no income and must have lived with you all year.

For your child, we need to know where he lived and whether your girlfriend, or some other relative in her household (e.g. the child's grandparent) wants to or can claim him.

There are two types of dependents, "Qualifying Children"(QC) and standard ("Qualifying Relative" in IRS parlance even though they don't have to actually be related). There is no income limit for a QC but there is an age limit, a relationship test and a residence test. Only a QC qualifies the taxpayer for the Earned Income Credit, the Child Tax Credit. 

A child of a taxpayer can still be a “Qualifying Child” (QC) dependent, regardless of his/her income, if:

1. He is under age 19, or under 24 if a full time student for at least 5 months of the year, or is totally & permanently disabled

2. He did not provide more than 1/2 his own support. Scholarships are considered third party support and not as support provided by the student.

3. He lived with the parent (including temporary absences such as away at school) for more than half the year; or half the time since he was born, if born in 2016.

A person can still be a Qualifying relative dependent, if not a Qualifying Child, if he meets the 6 tests for claiming a dependent:

1. Closely Related OR live with the taxpayer ALL year

2. His/her gross taxable income for the year must be less than $4,050 (2016)

3. The taxpayer must have provided more than 1/2 his support

In either case:

4. He must be a US citizen or resident of the US, Canada or Mexico

5. He must not file a joint return with his spouse or be claiming a dependent of his own

6. He must not be the qualifying child of another taxpayer

View solution in original post

2 Replies
Hal_Al
Level 15

If i have start paying child support in 2017, is it ok to file my son and girlfriend as a dependent for 2016

No. Child support is not relevant to whether your can claim dependents. So even if you paid it in 2016, it would have no bearing.

See full rules for claiming dependents, below.

For your girlfriend, she must have little or no income and must have lived with you all year.

For your child, we need to know where he lived and whether your girlfriend, or some other relative in her household (e.g. the child's grandparent) wants to or can claim him.

There are two types of dependents, "Qualifying Children"(QC) and standard ("Qualifying Relative" in IRS parlance even though they don't have to actually be related). There is no income limit for a QC but there is an age limit, a relationship test and a residence test. Only a QC qualifies the taxpayer for the Earned Income Credit, the Child Tax Credit. 

A child of a taxpayer can still be a “Qualifying Child” (QC) dependent, regardless of his/her income, if:

1. He is under age 19, or under 24 if a full time student for at least 5 months of the year, or is totally & permanently disabled

2. He did not provide more than 1/2 his own support. Scholarships are considered third party support and not as support provided by the student.

3. He lived with the parent (including temporary absences such as away at school) for more than half the year; or half the time since he was born, if born in 2016.

A person can still be a Qualifying relative dependent, if not a Qualifying Child, if he meets the 6 tests for claiming a dependent:

1. Closely Related OR live with the taxpayer ALL year

2. His/her gross taxable income for the year must be less than $4,050 (2016)

3. The taxpayer must have provided more than 1/2 his support

In either case:

4. He must be a US citizen or resident of the US, Canada or Mexico

5. He must not file a joint return with his spouse or be claiming a dependent of his own

6. He must not be the qualifying child of another taxpayer

mark470
New Member

If i have start paying child support in 2017, is it ok to file my son and girlfriend as a dependent for 2016

Thank you

About Community

Learn about taxes, budgeting, saving, borrowing, reducing debt, investing, and planning for retirement.

3.49m
Members

2.62m
Discussions

Manage cookies
v