Rent/Own home in San Antonio, Texas 78261 and pay taxes there, work in Beaumont, Texas 77706 and have apartment there since they are over 300 miles apart from each other.
There are no deductions for commuting to and from work, even if the distance is hundreds of miles. Sorry. And your rent, etc. is a personal expense. Sorry. TX is not one of the states that has a renters credit--TX has no state income tax at all.
There is not a rent deduction or credit on your Federal return. If your state has anything for renters you will be prompted to enter your rent info when you complete your state return. As far as I know, the states that have anything for rent are Arizona, California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington DC, and Wisconsin.