Examine Form 1040 line 59 to see that a penalty of 6% of the excess contribution amount is shown. Examine Form 1040 line 61 to see that the Shared Responsibility Payment is shown. Total the amounts on Form 1040 lines 56 through 62 to verify that TurboTax has correctly summed these to provide the result shown on Form 1040 line 63.
To further investigate the amount shown on your Form 1040 line 59, examine Form 5329 Part VII to see the calculation of 6% of the excess HSA contribution.
Since it appears that you used the online version of TurboTax, I suspect that you'll be unable to view TurboTax's worksheets where TurboTax calculates the amount shown on your Form 1040 line 61. These worksheets are at the end of TurboTax's 8965 form which appears to be excluded from any of the downloadable pdf copies of an online TurboTax-prepared tax return. You'll need to view the instructions for Form 8965 and perform the calculation of the Shared Responsibility Payment yourself, then compare it to the amount shown on Form 1040 line 61 (Use the appropriate year's instructions):
With regard to your excess HSA contribution, apparently you did not correct the excess by the due date of the tax return for the year for which the excess contribution was made. To eliminate the excess and the associated penalty each year going forward, you either have to be able to apply the excess as an eligible HSA contribution for a subsequent year or you'll need to take a taxable distribution of the excess. If you take a taxable distribution of the excess, you'll also be subject to a 20% early-distribution penalty if you are under age 65 when you make the distribution.