I believe the real question here is whether your parents can still claim you as a dependent. It sounds like they are still claiming an exemption for you on the Form W-4 filed with the employer, and they will have to pay more taxes if, when they file their tax return, they are unable to claim you as a dependent. The rules they must abide by are these:
Generally, you can claim your child as a dependent if:
- The child is a U.S. citizen or
resident who lived with you over half the year;
- The child is under age 19, or
under age 24 if a full-time student;
- You provide over half of their
- The child is not claimed as a
dependent by anyone else; and
- The child is not filing a joint
If, as you said, you are independent and providing your own support, they will not be able to meet the "over half of their support" test, and cannot claim you as a dependent.
For more information, please see Rules for Claiming a Dependent on Your Tax Return.
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