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dhtjdud
Returning Member

16 years old / High school student / Lives with his parents Earned $5,200 at his part-time job

16 years old / High school student / Lives with his parents Earned $5,200 at his part-time job

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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17 years old / High school student / Lives with his parents/ Had unearned income of $750

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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17 years old / High school student / Lives with her parents/ Earned $3,600 at her part-time job / Claimed EXEMPT on her W-4

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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17 years old / High School Student / Lives with his parents/  Earned $535 mowing his neighbors’ lawns

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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23 years old / Works full-time / Lives on her own/ Earned $35,000 at her job

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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16 years old / High School Student / Lives with her parents/ Earned $210 from her Etsy store

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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15 years old / High School Student / Lives with her parents/ Earned $1,500 from babysitting

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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20 years old / Full-time college student/ Had unearned income of $1,200

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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18 years old / High School Student / Lives with her parents/ Earned $500 from her web-design side hustle and $3,200 from her part-time job

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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21 years old / Full-time college student/ Earned $12,500 at his year-long internship

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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23 years old / Full-time trade school student / Earned $8,000 from his apprenticeship

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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17 years old / High School Student / Lives with her parents/  Earned $200 from her blogging side hustle and $3,200 from her part-time job

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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24 years old / Works part-time / Lives with a roommate/ Earned $18,000 as a barista at the local coffee shop

1. Can this person be claimed as a dependent?
2. Is this person legally required to file a tax return? Why or why not?
3. If no, should they file a tax return? Explain your reasoning.

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4 Replies
Carl
Level 15

16 years old / High school student / Lives with his parents Earned $5,200 at his part-time job

This post appears to be more test questions copied/pasted multiple times from the same online questionaire. Exactly like yesterday's post at https://ttlc.intuit.com/community/college-education/discussion/17-years-old-high-school-student-live...

You'll need to read IRS Publication 17 at https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p17.pdf

xmasbaby0
Level 15

16 years old / High school student / Lives with his parents Earned $5,200 at his part-time job

Looks like someone wants us to do their homework for them.  You do not learn by having someone else do the work for you.  Start doing your own reading.  Good luck.

**Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to offer the most correct information possible. The poster disclaims any legal responsibility for the accuracy of the information that is contained in this post.**
Hal_Al
Level 15

16 years old / High school student / Lives with his parents Earned $5,200 at his part-time job

There are two types of dependents, "Qualifying Children"(QC) and standard ("Qualifying Relative" in IRS parlance even though they don't have to actually be related). There is no income limit for a QC but there is an age limit, student status, a relationship test and residence test. Only a QC qualifies a taxpayer for the Earned Income Credit and the Child Tax Credit. They are interrelated but the rules are different for each.

The support test is different for each type. The support test, for a QC, is only that the child didn't provide more than half his own support. The support test for a Qualifying Relative is that the taxpayer provided more than half the relative's support.

.A child closely related to a taxpayer can be a “Qualifying Child (QC)” dependent, regardless of the child's income, if:

  1. He is under age 19, or under 24 if a full time student for at least 5 months of the year, or  is totally & permanently disabled
  2. He did not provide more than 1/2 his own support
  3. He lived with the relative (including temporary absences) for more than half the year
  4. He is younger than the relative (not applicable for a disabled child)
  5. If the child meets the rules to be a qualifying child of more than one person, you must be the person entitled to claim the child as a qualifying child (this essentially means that you have the parent’s permission to claim the child, if the child also lived with the parent more than half the year)
  6. If the parents of a child can claim the child as a qualifying child but no parent so claims the child, no one else can claim the child as a qualifying child unless that person's adjusted gross income (AGI) is higher than the highest AGI of any of the child's parents who can claim the child.

A person can still be a Qualifying relative dependent, if not a Qualifying Child, if he meets the 6 tests for claiming a dependent:

  1. Closely Related OR live with the taxpayer ALL year 
  2. His/her gross taxable income for the year must be less than $4200 ($4150 in 2018)
  3. The taxpayer must have provided more than 1/2 his support

In either case:

  1. He must be a US citizen or resident of the US, Canada or Mexico
  2. He must not file a joint return with his spouse or be claiming a dependent of his own
  3. He must not be the qualifying child of another taxpayer
Opus 17
Level 15

16 years old / High school student / Lives with his parents Earned $5,200 at his part-time job

1. A person always reports wages earned on a tax return in their own name, never on a parents' return.  Sometimes, if the child's only income is passive investments, the income might be reported on a parent's return.

 

2. Whether a child is required to file a return depends on the amount of earned and unearned (passive, investment) income.  The rules are covered in publication 501. https://www.irs.gov/forms-pubs/about-publication-501

 

3. If a child earns money and files a tax return, that does not automatically disqualify them from also being someone's dependent.  You have to look at the totality of their situation.  See publication 501.

 

4. If a child claims "EXEMPT" on their W-4, this has NO EFFECT on whether or not they owe tax.  Claiming exempt does not make them exempt.  A person should only claim exempt--which blocks tax withholding--if they reasonably believe they will owe no income tax for the year.  If they earn enough so that they owe tax, they must file a return and pay the tax. 

*Answers are correct to the best of my ability at the time of posting but do not constitute legal or tax advice.*
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