I own a home and started renting out the upper bedroom of that home this year. I take mortgage interest deduction every year. But this year since I am renting out my home should I only claim half of my mortage interest deduction or can I claim full mortgage interest deduction. Turbo tax help for 'Rental Expenses' says:
"For example, suppose you own a duplex and live in one half of it while renting out the other half. Your expenses for the year include:
Mortgage interest - $10,000
Property taxes - $1,000
Insurance - $400
Yard maintenance - $600
Repair tenant's stove - $100
Paint interior of tenant's apartment - $400
You can deduct half the mortgage interest, property taxes, insurance, and yard maintenance. You can fully deduct the repairs and painting."
of that home this year
I assume that refers to 2018, as most when referring to "filing my taxes for this year" could mean the 2017 tax return, or 2018 quarterly taxes.
Basically, just work it through the program the way the program is designed and intended to be used. The important thing of course, is to read every word on every screen, because that small print really does matter. But basically, once you identify the percentage of floor space of your primary residence that you are renting out, and continue to work it through, the program takes care of any and all splits for you. For example, the percentage of Mortgage Interest that applies to the rental portion of your primary residence will be reported/claimed/deducted on SCH E, while the percentage of mortgage interest that applies to your primary residence portion not being rented out, will be reported/claimed on SCH A.
Here is a lot of information that will apply to you, but you will need to adjust accordingly. The below was written from the perspective of converting your "ENTIRE" primary residence to a rental property after you move out. But the details to apply to those renting out "a part" of their primary residence.
Date of Conversion - If this was your primary residence before, then this date is the day AFTER you moved out. In Service Date - This is the date a renter "could" have moved in. Usually, this date is the day you put the FOR RENT sign in the front yard. Number of days Rented - the day count for this starts from the first day a renter "could" have moved in. That should be your "in service" date if you were asked for that. Vacant periods between renters count also PROVIDED you did not live in the house for one single day during said period of vacancy. Days of Personal Use - This number will be a big fat ZERO. Read the screen. It's asking for the number of days you lived in the property AFTER you converted it to a rental. I seriously doubt (though it is possible) that you lived in the house (or space, if renting a part of your home) as your primary residence or 2nd home, after you converted it to a rental. Business Use Percentage. 100%. I'll put that in words so there's no doubt I didn't make a typo here. One Hundred Percent. After you converted this property or space to rental use, it was one hundred percent business use. What you used it for prior to the date of conversion doesn't count.
Property improvements are expenses you incur that add value to the property. Expenses for this are entered in the Assets/Depreciation section and depreciated over time. Property improvements can be done at any time after your initial purchase of the property. It does not matter if it was your residence or a rental at the time of the improvement. It still adds value to the property.
To be classified as a property improvement, two criteria must be met:
1) The improvement must become "a material part of" the property. For example, remodeling the bathroom, new cabinets or appliances in the kitchen. New carpet. Replacing that old Central Air unit.
2) The improvement must add "real" value to the property. In other words, when the property is appraised by a qualified, certified, licensed property appraiser, he will appraise it at a higher value, than he would have without the improvements.
Cleaning & Maintenance
Those expenses incurred to maintain the rental property and it's assets in the useable condition the property and/or asset was designed and intended for. Routine cleaning and maintenance expenses are only deductible if they are incurred while the property is classified as a rental. Cleaning and maintenance expenses incurred in the process of preparing the property for rent are not deductible.
Those expenses incurred to return the property or it's assets to the same useable condition they were in, prior to the event that caused the property or asset to be unusable. Repair expenses incurred are only deductible if incurred while the property is classified as a rental. Repair costs incurred in the process of preparing the property for rent are not deductible.
Additional clarifications: Painting a room does not qualify as a property improvement. While the paint does become “a material part of” the property, from the perspective of a property appraiser, it doesn’t add “real value” to the property.
However, when you do something like convert the garage into a 3rd bedroom for example, making a 2 bedroom house into a 3 bedroom house adds “real value”. Of course, when you convert the garage to a bedroom, you’re going to paint it. But you will include the cost of painting as a part of the property improvement – not an expense separate from it.